The National Science and Technology Council should coordinate

the development of uniform federal requirements for identifying

and resolving financial conflicts of interest in federally

funded research, the General Accounting Office has said.

It said six federal agencies lack a policy preventing bias

in research they fund at universities, which receive millions

of dollars each year from royalties for technologies they

have developed, and that increasing collaboration between

universities and businesses threatens to create a

contractor-client relationship where objectivity is paramount.

So far, the National Institutes of Health and the National

Science Foundation are the only federal agencies found to

require universities to implement policies covering research

grants that amounted to $19 billion dollars in fiscal year

2001 for all federal agencies, said GAO.

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