OMB and agencies have not yet put out guidance to employees regarding the potential for a partial government shutdown in the case of a funding lapse starting October 1, including who would be furloughed without pay and who would be expected to remain at work, although unpaid for the meantime; such guidance typically doesn’t appear until just days before a shutdown actually would hit. Those decisions would be based on individual agencies’ shutdown contingency plans, most of which were last updated a year ago. Even in a funding lapse, most federal functions continue, and the majority of employees remain on the job due to the nature of their work. In 2013, all but about 800,000 of the 2.1 million non-postal federal workforce remained on the job the entire time, and nearly half of those sent home were called back to work, mostly by DoD, even before the shutdown ended. At that time, as with prior lapses going back many years, all employees eventually were paid for the funding lapse period regardless of whether they had stayed on the job (employees were not later repaid for a separate set of furloughs in 2013 related to “sequestration” budget limits). Also, some agencies, or parts of them, are not affected by appropriations lapses because of their self-funding nature—the U.S. Postal Service being the largest example—because they have multi-year budgets or because they can use money from trust funds they operate or various fees they charge to remain fully open, at least for a time.