President Trump’s $705.4 billion for the Department of Defense in fiscal year 2021 (Oct. 1, 2020-Sept. 30, 2021) would provide a 3-percent raise in basic pay for active-duty, reserve and National Guard service members.
The proposal is part of a $740.5-billion national security spending package, directed on implementing the National Defense Strategy as put forth by former Defense Secretary James Mattis earlier in Trump’s term as president.
The defense budget would fund a host of programs aimed at sustaining and improving the quality of life for service members and their families, to include increases in the Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) of 2.9 percent, and Basic Allowance for Subsistence (BAS) of 2.3 percent.
More than $8 billion would fund professional and education programs for service members and their spouses, affordable child care, youth programs, and the Department of Defense Dependent Schools (DoDDS).
Surviving spouses of deceased service members no longer would see the amount they receive in Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP) benefits offset dollar-for-dollar by the amount they receive in Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) from the Department of Veterans Affairs.
The request includes $69 billion for overseas contingency operations. Of that, $20.5 billion would cover combat and combat-support costs associated with ongoing operations in Southwest Asia and elsewhere. Another $32.5 billion would cover both stateside and overseas costs that would be incurred once combat operations end.
Funding for base budget requirements would garner another $16 billion.
Research and development would receive the largest budget in history. The $106.6 billion would include $3.2 billion for hypersonics, $1.5 billion for microelectronics and 5G, $1.7 billion for autonomy, and $841 million for artificial intelligence (AI).
Total military end strength would rise by 5,600 over 2020 levels. Roughly $30.9 billion is tapped for Army readiness. The Navy and Marine Corps would receive $47.5 billion to address readiness, while the Air Force would get $37.1 billion, and U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) would receive $ 9.5 billion.
The Air Force budget proposal calls for $169 billion. The Army request is for $178 billion, while the Navy would get $207.1 billion.
Military compensation, basic pay at Defense.gov