OMB has issued updated guidance on agency responsibilities for complying with the Information Quality Act to address “changes in the information landscape and to incorporate best practices developed” since that law was enacted in 2000.
Memo M-19-15 notes that under guidance issued in 2002, agencies are to “embrace a basic standard of quality and consider quality in their information dissemination practices”; “develop information quality assurance procedures that are applied before disseminating information”; and “develop an administrative mechanism for affected parties to request that agencies correct information of inadequate quality.”
The memo says that within 90 days, agencies are to update their procedures for ensuring information quality, determining the appropriate level of quality based on the likely use of that information. That is to include:
* Assessing whether scientific, financial, or statistical information is “influential” and thus subject to a higher quality standard, which in turn affects the amount and type of review performed before it is to be disseminated.
* Analyzing information for potential “downstream” use by third parties for purposes other than the primary one for which it·was collected. Potential users are to be “provided with sufficient information to understand which agency is responsible for the quality of the data being disseminated, as well as the data’s strengths, weaknesses, analytical limitations, security requirements and processing options.”
* Ensuring that open data do not disclose personally identifiable information or pose a security risk, bearing in mind that such information may not pose such a risk in isolation but “when combined with other available information, could pose such risk.”