The Clinton administration is expected to ask Congress to approve further military base closings that would begin in 2003. It will argue that the agency still has excess capacity despite four earlier rounds of closings—and the associated loss of tens of thousands of civilian federal jobs–and that the money potentially saved is needed for new weapons programs and other projects. The White House has been making such proposals for several years to a largely unreceptive and even hostile audience on Capitol Hill. Most congressional leaders on defense issues believe more time is needed to let the dust settle from the earlier rounds and many are still sore over what they perceive as political manipulation of the most recent round, in 1995.