Retirement & Financial Planning Report

Have you ever gotten into an argument with your health benefit plan over whether a medical procedure or service should be covered? Fortunately, there is a procedure for resolving such disputes.

If you don’t agree with your plan’s decision, you can — and should — ask them to reconsider it. The procedure for doing that is printed in each FEHB plan brochure. If the plan still doesn’t agree, you can — and should — write to the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and ask them to review the claim. The information on how to do that is also in your plan brochure.


If you appeal to OPM, they will send you an acknowledgement. If they need no further information than you have provided, they’ll get a final decision to you usually within 60 days. If they need more information either from you or the plan, they’ll let you know that within 14 days of the date they receive your appeal. They’ll provide a phone number so you can check on the status of your claim. If the decision is in your favor, you stop there. If it isn’t, you are free to file suit in federal district court.

The best way to get early resolution of a disputed claim is for you to carefully read the language in your plan’s brochure. Remember that the brochure is a contract, and it’s like any other contract you enter into. When there is a dispute, you must rely on the contract language to prove your point. Then marshal all the facts supporting your side of the argument. The better you do this, the more likely you are to win in the reconsideration phase. If that doesn’t work, when you go to OPM, you’ll need to counter anything that came in the plan’s reconsideration decision. Remember, your job is to point out flaws in the plan’s arguments or point up any lack of clarity in the contract wording. Either of these should work in your favor.

One note of caution. If a medical procedure or service isn’t covered in the brochure or, worse still, specifically excluded, your hope of getting it paid for is probably zero. Nevertheless, your arguments about why it should be covered may help lead to its being included in a subsequent year’s contract.

Contesting the Denial of Claims in Federal Insurance Programs

In Federal Retirement, ‘Deferring’ and ‘Postponing’ Have Very Different Meanings

Taking FEHB into Retirement Without a Hitch

Take It or Leave It: The Choice before Retirement Eligibility

Rollovers: Moving Your Money Out of the TSP

A Special Retirement Supplement Misconception

Mistaken Beliefs: Terminal Leave for Civilian Feds

Mistaken Beliefs: Adding to Actual Age or Service Time

Mistaken Beliefs: Unused Sick Leave

FERS Retirement Guide 2021